Also called: human immunodeficiency virus, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
HIV causes AIDS and interferes with the body's ability to fight infections.
The virus can be transmitted through contact with infected blood, semen or vaginal fluids.
More than 1 million cases per year (India)
Spreads by sexual contact
Treatment can help, but this condition can't be cured
Chronic: can last for years or be lifelong
Requires a medical diagnosis
Lab tests or imaging always required
HOW IT SPREADS
By blood products (unclean needles or unscreened blood).
By having unprotected vaginal, anal or oral sex.
By mother to baby by pregnancy, labour or nursing.
Consult a doctor for medical advice